19:01, September 01 77 0

2018-09-01 19:01:04

 

Black, Hispanic & Asian people are more likely than Caucasians to identify as LGBT

A new brief issued by the Movement Advancement Project (MAP) and the National LGBT Workers Center showcases the importance of LGBT people in the workforce. And also in every day life.

Currently only 20 states and D.C. have laws that explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and a growing number of federal courts have extended protections to include sexual orientation and gender identity – specifically through Title VII’s prohibition on discrimination based on sex.

Despite this patchwork of protections, LGBT workers still report high rates of discrimination when looking for work and on the job.

In the U.S., it’s estimated that 4.5% of the population identifies as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. This totals to approximately 11 million LGBT people. Of that number, roughly 88% are employed.

LGBT people are racially diverse with one-third of the LGBT community made up of people of color. Further, Black, Hispanic and Asian people are more likely than Caucasian people to identify as LGBT.

There are approximately 1 million LGBT immigrants in the U.S. with 30% being undocumented.

It’s important to remember that these statistics are variable and the results could fluctuate based on how many people in the overall community submit to being interviewed. The numbers could potentially be much higher than what’s been reported.

With harsh immigration policies and lack of nondiscrimination protections, undocumented LGBT workers are at increased risk for discrimination and exploitation.

It is estimated that 25% of LGBT people reported experiencing discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity in the past year. Half of this population said it negatively impacted their work environment.

Still others didn’t even report the discrimination for fear of retaliation. The brief showed that 27% of transgender workers reported being fired, not hired or denied promotions between 2016-2017.

There’s also the issue of wages.

The study found that 22% of LGBT workers were not paid or promoted at the same rate as colleagues. Gay men reported higher salaries than lesbian women, but both reported less income than non-LGBT colleagues.


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